Anxiety or Aggression? When Anxiety in Children Looks Like Anger, Tantrums, or Meltdowns

Anxiety or Aggression? When Anxiety in Children Looks Like Anger, Tantrums, or Meltdowns

Anxiety can be a masterful imposter. In children, it can sway away from the more typical avoidant, clingy behaviour and show itself as tantrums, meltdowns and aggression. As if anxiety wasn’t hard enough to deal with!

When children are under the influence of an anxious brain, their behaviour has nothing to do with wanting to push against the limits. They are often great kids who don’t want to do the wrong thing, but they are being driven by a brain in high alert.

If we could see what was happening in their heads when anxiety takes hold like this, their behaviour would make sense. We would want to scoop them up and take them away from the chaos of it all. Of course, that doesn’t mean that they should be getting a free pass on their unruly behaviour. Their angry behaviour makes sense, and it’s important to let them know this, but there will always be better choices they are capable of making. 

Once kids have a more solid understanding of why they do what they do, they will be well on their way to finding a better response. Here’s where the adults in their lives will make a critical difference. Parents, grandparents, teachers – anyone who is able to understand and respond to their behaviour as something driven by anxiety, rather than ‘naughty’ behaviour, will be helping them to find healthier, stronger, more effective ways to respond to the world. All kids have it in them to do this, but anxiety can have a sly way of stealing the attention from their strengths. Now to put an end to that.

Anxiety or Aggression?

Anxiety happens when a part of the brain, the amygdala, senses trouble. When it senses threat, real or imagined, it surges the body with hormones (including cortisol, the stress hormone) and adrenaline to make the body strong, fast and powerful. This is the fight or flight response and it has been keeping us alive for thousands of years. It’s what strong, healthy brains are meant to do. 

An anxious brain is a strong, healthy brain that is a little overprotective. It is more likely to sense threat and hit the panic button ‘just in case’. When this happens often, it can create ‘anxiety about the anxiety’. One of the awful things about anxiety is the way it launches without warning, and often without need, sending an unsuspecting body unnecessarily into fight or flight.

For kids with anxiety, any situation that is new, unfamiliar, difficult or stressful counts as a potential threat. The fight or flight response happens automatically and instantaneously, sending neurochemicals surging through their bodies, priming them for fight or flight. Every physical symptom that comes with anxiety – racy heart, sick tummy, clammy skin, vomiting, shaky arms or legs – is because of the surging of these neurochemicals. The natural end to the fight or flight response is intense physical activity. If the threat was real, they’d be fighting for their lives or running for it. When there is no need to fight or flee, there is nothing to burn up the neurochemicals and they build up, causing the physical symptoms of anxiety. (For a detailed child-friendly explanation of what causes each of the physical symptoms of anxiety, see here.)

If anxiety is having a hand in the angry behaviour, the signs of anxiety will still be there in some way. Look for any type of avoidant behaviour, sick tummies, headaches, sensitivity to new or unfamiliar situations. Any of these might be a clue that anxiety is hard at work. Take note of when the meltdowns or tantrums happen. Is there a pattern? Do they seem to happen more in unfamiliar situations or situations that might overspend your child’s emotional resources?

Why do some kids show anxiety as anger?

Anxiety is often associated with avoidance or clinginess but it doesn’t necessarily present itself in this way. The physiological driver is the same – a brain under threat – but instead of flight, it initiates fight. It doesn’t matter that there’s nothing at all there to worry about. When the brain thinks there’s trouble, it acts as though it’s true.

Think of this like a smoke alarm. A smoke alarm can’t tell the difference between a real fire and burnt toast, and it doesn’t care. All it wants to do is keep you safe. It does this by making enough noise to get a response. Better safe than sorry. The brain works the same way. An anxious brain is a very protective brain, and it will be quicker to hit the alarm, even when there is no need. This could happen in response to unfamiliar situations or people, playground scuffles, criticism, disappointment, threat of embarrassment or failure – anything that could potentially trigger the feeling that something bad may be about to happen. 

The fight response is the brain’s adaptive way of giving a young body the physical resources it needs to deal with a situation that feels potentially harmful. Remember, this reaction happens automatically and instantly. It’s so quick that there’s no time for any conscious consideration as to whether or not the threat is real. 

As part of growing up, children regularly find themselves in unfamiliar situations where they have to negotiate and learn strategies for dealing with the world and its people. This is how they learn emotional and social skills that will move them towards being strong, healthy adults. In the meantime though, for an anxious brain, it’s trouble at every turn! Any situation that puts expectations on them and demands that could exceed their own developing resources will have the potential to trigger anxiety.

Like the flight response (avoidance, clinginess), the fight response is an automatic, hardwired response from a brain that thinks it’s under threat. That doesn’t mean that kids can’t be taught to control it – they absolutely can – but first they need to understand what’s happening. 

As the adults in their lives, it’s important to be open to the possibility that beneath an aggressive, disruptive child, is an anxious one looking for security and comfort. If anxiety is at play, dealing with aggression as bad behaviour will always inflame the situation. On the other hand, dealing with it as anxiety will give them the strategies and support they need to find their way through, as well as teaching them vital skills that will hold them well for the rest of their lives. 

Practical ways to deal with anxiety-driven aggression.

What kids need to know.

•    Explain where anxiety comes from.

Kids can do amazing things with the right information, and it’s important not to underestimate their potential for understanding. When it is something that is personally relevant, their capacity for understanding is immense. Here’s what they need to know, but it doesn’t need to happen all at once. Giving them the information over lots of small, incidental chats will be just as powerful.

‘Those times you get really angry are probably confusing for you. I know you don’t want to do the wrong thing and I think it will help if I explain what happens when you get angry like that. First of all, you need to know that everyone gets angry for all sorts of different reasons. Your reason is a really good one – it’s because your brain is working hard to protect you. 

There’s a special part of your brain called the amygdala. We all have one. The amygdala’s job is to warn you of danger and keep you safe. Think of it like your own little warrior, there to protect you. Yours works especially hard. When it thinks there might be danger, it surges your body with a type of superhero fuel – oxygen, hormones, and adrenaline – to make you strong fast and powerful enough to deal with the danger.

This could be anything that your brain thinks might hurt you or make you feel uncomfortable – new people, new places, too much noise, having to do something that feels risky. Everybody has something that makes them feel anxious. We’re all the same like that.

Your brain doesn’t care if there actually is something there that could hurt you. It just wants to keep you safe, so it fuels you up just in case. There’s a really cool name for this – it’s called fight or flight – fight the danger or run from it. Guess which one your brain gets you ready for. It’s getting you ready to fight the danger.

This happens really fast – so fast that you won’t even realise it’s happening until you have the angry feelings inside you. Your brain is super speedy and it surges you with fight or flight fuel before it has even thought about whether or not the danger is real. This happens in all of us, but in some people it happens more, especially at times when there’s no need for it. More than anything in the world, your brain wants to protect you and it works really hard to do this – even at times you don’t really need protecting.

Here’s something important you need to know: The same part of the brain that has the very important job of keeping you safe and ready to deal with trouble, also deals with your emotions. When it thinks you might be in danger, it switches on. When it’s on, your emotions will be switched on too. Sometimes they will be switched on big time! This is why you might feel like you want to burst into tears or get really angry.

None of this means that you can blame your brain for losing your temper. What it means is that you have a really strong healthy brain that works hard to look after you. It wants to be the boss of things, but everything will run smoother when you’re the one in charge of your brain!

There’s something else about brains that you need to know. Brains can change. They’re pretty amazing like that. At the moment, your brain tends to be a little overprotective of you but you can train it so that it doesn’t react as much when there’s no danger about. It will still protect you by letting you know when there’s trouble and it will still be awesome at getting you ready to deal with it, but it won’t do it as much when it doesn’t need to. 

There are a few things you can do to be the boss of your brain and train it to relax more. It will still be ready to fuel you up if there actually is danger, but if you’re the boss of your brain, you get the final say. What this means is that when there is no danger, you’ll be able to settle your brain much quicker. Let’s talk about some ways to do that.’

•    Breathe – but you probably haven’t breathed like this before!

‘Strong deep breaths will always calm an anxious brain (and an angry one!) but that’s not so simple when your brain is busy trying to keep you safe. The last thing it wants to do when it’s in protective warrior mode is to take time out to relax. It thinks that there is some serious work to be done to keep you safe! First let’s talk about why strong deep breaths work, then some special ways to get your breathing perfect.

Strong breathing calls up the front part of your brain, called the prefrontal cortex, which is a part of your brain that is able to calm things down and think things through. When your amygdala thinks there’s danger, it gets bossy and tells this part of the brain that it’s not needed. This is why it’s so important for you to learn how to be the boss of your brain. When you’re in charge, you can get the front part of your brain involved in deciding whether or not to fight or flee.

This is really important. The front of your brain is great at calming your amygdala – the part that’s triggering your fight and the angry feelings. 

How do you get the front of your brain involved? By breathing. Breathing is like a lullaby for your amygdala. It helps it to realise that there’s nothing to worry about. When this happens, the amygdala will calm down and so will you. But – you have to practice breathing when you aren’t angry. It’s too hard to do new things when you’re really upset. We all struggle with that! Breathing strong breaths is like any new skill. The more you do it, the better you’ll get.

Here are some fun ways to practice – and it will take some practice, so be patient and keep doing it every day.

Is that hot cocoa you’re holding?!

Pretend you are holding a mug of hot cocoa. Breathe in for three seconds through your nose, as though you are smelling the delicious rich chocolatey smell. Then pretend to blow it cool, by breathing out through your mouth for three seconds. Keep doing this four or five times, then you’ll start to feel yourself relax.

Find yourself a breathing buddy.

Put a soft toy on your belly. Breathe in for three, hold it for a second and then breathe out for three. If the toy is moving, you’re breathing deep into your belly – just like strong breathing is meant to be. You’ve got it.

Remember we talked about changing your brain? Every time you breathe through your anxious feeling, you’re helping to change and strengthen your brain. You’re doing something pretty amazing and the more you do it, the better you’ll get – but you do have to practice!’

•    Have your powerful thoughts ready.

‘When you start to feel yourself getting angry, this is the time to let your brain know you’re the boss. Here’s the secret – you’ll have to work out what to think, and practice thinking it, before you get angry. The more you practice, the easier it will get. After you’ve been practicing it for a while, you’ll be able to find your powerful thought without any effort at all. Just like your breathing though, it will take practice. Work out what your powerful thoughts will be. Pretend that you are speaking to your amygdala – that fierce little warrior of yours that is trying to keep your safe. It will always be ready to listen. Practice it out loud or quietly in your head. It’s up to you. ‘It’s okay warrior dude. We’re all good here. You can relax. There’s nothing that can hurt us here.’ Then, keep practicing your strong brave thoughts until they become automatic, which they will.’

And other things to do with them.

•    Mindfulness.

The research on the effectiveness of mindfulness could fill its own library. Mindfulness has been proven over and over to have enormous capacity to build a strong body, mind and spirit. Building the brain against anxiety is one of its wonders.

Anxiety happens when the brain spends too much time in the future. This is where it grabs on to the ‘what ifs’. Mindfulness strengthens it to stay in the present. It’s simple, and kids take hold of the concept beautifully. They are mindful little beings anyway, but the more they can strengthen this skill, the stronger they will be. It’s a wonderful skill to have, anxious or not.

Mindfulness is about stepping back and seeing thoughts and feelings come and go, without judgement, but with a relaxed mind. It has been shown to strengthen the connection between the instinctive, emotional back of the brain (the heartland of the fight or flight response) and the pre-frontal cortex (the part of the brain that soothes it back to calm).

Mindfulness for children generally works best it’s kept to about five minutes or less but let them keep going for as long as they want to. Here are some fun ways to practice mindfulness with kids

•   Name it to tame it. 

Big emotions live in the right side of the brain. The words that make sense of those emotions live in the left. Sometimes, there is a disconnect between the two. It can happen in all of us. When there is a disconnect, there are big feelings, but they feel overwhelming and they don’t make sense. 

Think of it like this. The left part of the brain is ‘this is what’s happening’. It is the literal understanding of the world – the concrete data, the facts. The right part of the brain is ‘this is how I feel about what’s happening’. It’s a more emotional, intuitive understanding of the world. If we only had our left brain, we would have great detail (‘this happened and then this happened’), but it would be a colder, more detached way of responding. If we only had our right brain we would have a sense of how we felt about an experience, and there would be plenty of emotion, but the more rational understanding would be missing. The detail of the world is important (‘this is what happened’) but so is the bigger picture (‘this is how I feel about it’). 

For kids, a powerful way to bring calm when they are in the midst of a big feeling is to name the feeling. As put by Mark Brackett from the Center for Emotional Intelligence, ‘if you can name it, you can tame it.’ When your child is in the thick of a big, angry feeling, name the feeling you see. ‘I can see that you’re really angry right now.’ ‘It has really upset you that you weren’t allowed to run through the supermarket. I get that. It’s hard having to be still sometimes isn’t it.’

Hearing the words that fit with their feelings will help to strengthen the connection between the right and left sides of their brain. When this happens, the emotion will start to ‘tame’. It will feel less like an ambush from a big woolly feeling and with your words, it will start to make sense. Be patient. It won’t happen straight away, but it will make a difference. It will also help to expand your child’s emotional vocabulary. This is a powerful part of developing their emotional intelligence, which is vital for any child as they grow.

•    Lift them up.

Kids who find themselves regularly throwing tantrums or being aggressive will probably have a lot of focus put on their bad behaviour. Lift them up by focusing on their strengths. Here are some common ones that come with anxiety.

And finally …

If your child seems quick to anger, be open to the possibility that anxiety might be the culprit. The most powerful way to turn any type of anxiety around is to explain to children the driving force behind their behaviour. This will help to empower them and put the focus on their strengths in managing their behaviour and help lift them to full flight.

You might also like …

‘Hey Warrior’ is the book I’ve written for children to help them understand anxiety and to find their ‘brave’. It explains why anxiety feels the way it does, and it will teach them how they can ‘be the boss of their brains’ during anxiety, to feel calm. It’s not always enough to tell kids what to do – they need to understand why it works. Hey Warrior does this, giving explanations in a fun, simple, way that helps things make sense in a, ‘Oh so that’s how that works!’ kind of way, alongside gorgeous illustrations.




[irp posts=”1818″ name=”18 Important Things That Kids With Anxiety Need to Know”]



Hi, a friend forwarded your article to me.
I’m very I interested in what you ha e ti say, as I have high anxiety myself I understand what your explaining. My question to you, how do I implement your suggestions for my 2 and half year old daughter, she definitely follows the symptom sign for having anxiety, and has likely picked this up from me as I am a suffer, I have been coping with my anxiety, with many of your suggestions plus others, I am currently doing the polyvagel
theory with my counselor. So I work at always being calm with my daughter, obviously children of my daughters age are quick to understand and learn, but I have no idea how to implement coping skills with her, she is talking well and understands concepts. Any suggestions would be appreciated.


Hi. My almost 13 year old daughter has a terrible anger spell. She speaks so loudly and blames both my husband and I that she’s the way she is. Yes my husband was a bit of a short tempered person, but praise God, he’s changed and become a better person now. However, when my daughter does get into such an aggressive state, she keeps saying, why are you doing this to me, her breathing becomes very heavy and her right hand trembles and she’s got a fierce look. Last evening I went up to her to give her a tap and she caught both my hands so firmly that I honestly could not move.


What a wonderful article! My son, now 6, has struggled with his anxieties for years and this is the first article I’ve read that makes sense…I’ve ordered him the hey warrior book and amygdala cuddly as I can really see this making a difference! Karen, I haven’t explored your website fully but any particular insights into severe food anxieties specifically? Thank you again…I have a feeling finding this article online may be a life changer for us! X

Karen Young

Janna I’m so pleased this was able to make sense of things for you. In relation to your little man’s food anxiety, anxiety happens in the same part of the brain regardless of what it’s directed at. Sometimes the symptoms of anxiety might show themselves differently, but they are driven by the same mechanism. There is a load of information about how to manage anxiety on this link, as well as videos for you to watch with him on this link

Lisa W

Just wanted to say this is one of the best articles I’ve ever read. I actually think it’s life changing. I’m using this with my son and to teach my students about anxiety. Thank you so much!


My son is nearly 9. He has an extremely low frustration tolerance and is very quick to anger. For example this evening his 3 year old brother was on his bed and instead of asking calmly for him to get off he instead went from saying nothing to yelling at him to get off. This might seem normal if it was isolated to annoying siblings but he constantly seems to go from zero to 100 in a matter of seconds. If he feels annoyed or threatened by his younger siblings he shoves then over without even thinking. It’s impulsive, I would definitely say a ‘fight’ response. He difficult in other areas too. He backchats and argues A LOT. Most requests from us as parents result in an argument, some sort of high level abussive complaining and back chat. I feel like there’s so much to deal with and I go between being empathetic about his behaviour and dishing out punishments for it. I just don’t know what to do. He’s quite a bright kid and he’s so interesting. He knows all of the techniques for calming down but flat out refuses to use them.


Your article exactly what my 5 year old is doing,she changed schools ,as had severe anxiety towards the school she was studying in ,we accompanied her on first day to the classroom n i sat with her ,she was perfectly fine ,next day again I sat with her she was ok until I left downstairs for a few minutes and hell broke loose… something triggered her and she became really violent and hit the teachers around n r threw the chair ,tore a chart ,the school teachers were worried I came to the rescue.The principal was kind enough to give another chance to her ,next day my husband waited outside the school ,she came to check with the teacher once ,but was okay to find me still waiting.Next day again checked but was ok to find me.once she checks on my husband she seems fine n the rest of the day passes on smoothly husband is not going to b available due to work for dropoffs n waiting outside ,worried will she stay when I drop off n when she sees me as she is more attached to me …how long will this last !!Am I on the right track !


My son is 12 and is adopted and I really think his anger has to do with the cortisol streaming through his body and the fact that he is anxious (and always has been). He is fine at school but at home, so many little things will set him off, especially if I mention the word “homework.” (and he’s a good student). We have decided that he needs some self soothing methods so we are going to try cognitive behavior therapy. Fingers crossed.


My 4.5 year old son has been in play therapy for his aggression and control issues since Aug, and while things have gotten a little better, he has started crying every time I drop him off at preschool and hysterically crying when I drop him off at daycare. Today, I couldn’t get him off of me and he cried for a half hour before I finally just took him home because I and the daycare provider couldn’t even keep him in the door. When we ask him why he doesn’t want to be there, he says I don’t know no mater how we ask him. He says he wants to be with me (I work from home), but I think he just wants to sit and watch his Kindle all afternoon. How can I tell if it’s anxiety or just him trying to manipulate the situation into getting what he wants. Normally, I don’t give in to the crying and clinging, but I had to today. I couldn’t let the daycare deal with what was going on. I think the daycare provider is tired of dealing with him, so she did little to help the situation because she had others to care for.

Karen Young

Your son is being genuine when he says he doesn’t know why he doesn’t want to be there. Anxiety is like that. Here is an article that will explain that It doesn’t mean there is anything bad happening at daycare, or that something bad has happened. At daycare he is away from you, there is a routine he has to follow, he is with lots of other kids, there are rules there that aren’t at home – it can be exhausting and hard work for little people. This doesn’t mean he shouldn’t go, but it makes his behaviour make a little more sense. I expect he wishes this wouldn’t happen to him either. If you suspect it’s the Kindle, take the Kindle away and let it be something he can have after daycare. You might find this won’t make a difference to his behaviour, because with anxiety, it’s not a matter of ‘won’t’, but a matter of ‘can’t’. In this case it’s possible that he would still be happier doing absolutely nothing at home with you, then at daycare where there are rules, routines and lots of people. His control issues aren’t to control and manipulate other people, but to control his anxiety. His behaviour will ease in time when he is able to understand and manage his anxiety. When you manage the anxiety, the behaviour issues will go away. In the meantime, here are some strategies to start teaching him ways to manage his anxiety Here is another article that will give you some strategies in the moment I understand how distressing this is for both of you, but understand that it isn’t bad behaviour and it certainly isn’t because of anything you’re doing. It’s anxiety, and everything in his body is telling him to get away from the situation. In time he will develop valuable skills that will help him not just with his anxiety, but generally.


This is an excellent article which explains so well what is going on in our anxious 5 year old’s brain. He shows both fight (at home to his family) and flight (at school) responses. I am concerned at the impact it is having on his self esteem. He is a kind, bright boy who knows right from wrong. When he is consumed with anxiety he becomes very violent, particularly towards me and and his brother. Once he has come out the other side of the rage (usually by falling into my arms and sobbing for some time) he starts self loathing about what a horrible person he is. He doesn’t want to hurt anyone but just can’t help himself. He asked me to take him to a hospital to be fixed recently. It breaks my heart to see his anxiety rule him. We have tried breathing exercises with him when he is calm but he just can’t seem to access anything when he is in full anxiety mode. We all walk on eggshells and it has such a detrimental effect to the whole family.


We are in a similar situation. The anxiety rears it’s ugly head when he may become embarrassed or thinks he is in trouble. Today his coach was not supportive and told him he can’t play until he apologizes to everyone and that no coach would ever put up with that type of behavior. My heart breaks for my son. He’s only 9.

Karen Young

It’s so difficult to watch anxiety getting in the way like this for our kids isn’t it. If you can manage the anxiety, you can manage the aggression. It’s really important that your son understands why he’s doing what he’s doing – not to excuse it, but so he can take responsibility for behaving in a way that is better for him and the people around him. Try the strategies in the article with him, but be patient. If his anxiety has been driving his behaviour for a while, it may take a little while to ‘retrain’ his brain to respond in a different way, but a absolutely it can be done. In relation to what happened to his game, if it is something that hurt the team or another player, it sounds as though an apology may be important so he can regain the respect of his team-mates. Explain to him that an apology isn’t to shame him, but to strengthen him. It’s brave and it’s right, and he will be respected for it. Then, he can work on managing his anger so it doesn’t keep hurting him.


Could Anxiety still be the cause when it feels like our daughter only has anger meltdowns at home. Is it a build up for the day and now she is in a safe place? They seem to come from nowwhere, she often can’t explain her thinking. She says crazy things like “so I don’t get to eat until I’m 7” or “so I never will play again outside” They seem unexplained. She does have anxiety in many situations–doesn’t like to be by herself, scared to use the restroom (even at home) by herself, won’t lay by herself at night, etc. However, it is very rare, maybe 3 times in her 6 years that she has had a major meltdown in public. At home, they happen more often. Sometimes peeks–3-4 in a week and then 3-4 weeks without any. We can’t seem to find patterns of what causes them or doesn’t. Could this be the cause?

Karen Young

Anxiety could certainly be behind the behaviour your are describing, but it there could also be other things driving them – your exhaustion, stress, or because your daughter is working so hard during the day to be attentive, focussed, and to work hard, and do the right thing, that by the time she gets home, she is able to ‘let go’ and relax. It’s not possible to say for certain. I know it can be confusing and frustrating when you’re the parent trying to deal with this behaviour. If you have ruled out any other physical cause, be open to the possibility that it might be something else, such as anxiety.


Thank you for this article.

We are raising a grandson who has had anxiety since he was a toddler. When we walk into a crowded place you can see his little body tense and he often puts his hands over his ears. We recently had an independent evaluation done and he was diagnosed with moderate Sensory Processing Dysfunction along with some other lesser issues. We have started OT and are hoping it helps.

He is now in 1st grade and each day is a struggle. Less that two months into the school year and he has had his color changed most days for ‘bad behavior’. The more pressure the more he acts out. He panics over spelling tests even when he can spell all the words easily. He has low self esteem due to this issue he does not fully understand. So far I believe the staff feels like we are making excuses when we are simply trying to explain what we have observed. We feel a bit like we are struggling to keep his head above water most days. We are so worried about how he will deal with standardized testing.

Karen Young

What you are describing makes a lot of sense. The risk is that at school he is being asked to perform and behave in ways that his brain isn’t quite ready for – it will get there, but all children develop at different rates. The problem with punishing him for this, is that it’s confusing and unhelpful as it starts to nurture in him a mindset that he is ‘naughty’ or ‘less than’, when really what he is, is not ready yet. He is so lucky to have you. All kids need at least one adult in their lives who believe in the potential that is in them and love them unconditionally. Here is an article that might help him understand what happens to him when he feels anxious. It might help him to understand so that he can feel as though managing it is more within his control, and that it happens to lots of children (and adults) when they feel anxious. His brain is healthy and strong – it just needs time to give him what he needs to perform in ways that are required in school Your little man has greatness in him. I hope you are able to find the support you need within the school to help him discover it.


Thank you for this article. My son had transitional anxiety that manifest as anger at the start of first year last year. Working with the school to come up with a plan seemed to help.Unfortunately, the plan doesn’t seem to have been communicated effectively to his new teachers. It’s the third day of school and I’ve already had two emails from teachers about his behavior which seems to have stemmed from an encounter with a fellow student that made him angry. What’s new this year, it seems, is that when he gets angry he tries to bang his head on the wall or punch the wall.. He doesn’t do this at home – mostly, I think, as he is an only child….?

Karen Young

The beginning of the school year can understandably be an anxious time for kids. Hopefully once your son’s teachers understand what’s happening for him, they will be able to give him what he needs to thrive in their classroom.


We’ve just had a baby and my 5-year-old (formerly an only child) has been behaving more aggressively, which is very uncharacteristic of her. This article both gives me insight, but also breaks my heart to imagine what might be going through her head.


Hi Karen,

I think your book would be really beneficial for my 5 year old son as we’re at a loss of words to help him. His anxiety has now turned into anger and at times he can sound quite rude when he responds while in the “fight” stage, where his whole body tenses up and he talks negatively a lot of the time (I can’t, it’s too hard, it’s just a really bad day…EVERYDAY) And there are ALWAYS tears. He is triggered by noises, changes in his routine, not being first in line, when a rule isn’t being followed the way he was taught, etc. He has no official diagnoses as mental health wait times are outrageous here, but it does run in our family so we are aware of the signs. I was just wondering when or if your book will be available at a Chapters or Indigo store in Canada in the near future as online ordering with the cost of shipping is not an option for us at the moment?

Karen Young

Hi Amanda – I’m sorry to hear your little man is struggling at the moment. In relation to the book, it’s really up to the bookstores to order through the distributor or the publisher. Not sure if this will help but the shipping cost is set by the shipping company (DHL) and is calculated by the gram. The softcover is about half the weight of the hardcover, so the cost of shipping is less. I hope this helps.


Hello. I’m having trouble with a child who is about a year and 10 months. She is very aggressive towards other children in my class, usually during high energy ( possibly stressful) activities like dance class or free play. She seems not to like other children crying or being too close to her however she does have a few friends she doesn’t attack. She is a very sweet friendly girl and parents say she is very calm st home. Before she is aggressive sometimes it looks like her face changes and perhaps pupils dialate, which might make sense if her brain is going into fight mode. She is very young and doesn’t seem to understand she is hurting people. Any advice? Thanks!!

Karen Young

It’s very important that we don’t expect children to behave in ways that their brains aren’t developmentally ready for. At such a young age the empathy and self control centres are still a way off. In the meantime, gently guide her towards the correct responses by validating her feelings ‘You seem angry. I understand that. Sharing can be difficult sometimes can’t it.’ Then direct a more appropriate response. Remember too that young children don’t have the words to express themselves or to effectively ask for what they need so they will often resort to making their needs and feelings known through behaviours, often inappropriate ones. Though this can be disruptive it’s not at all unusual or pathological. There are many different versions of normal and kids will grow and develop in their own time.


My daughter tells me she doesn’t mean what she says when she is angry. I know she doesn’t, but boy…! I look forward to reading your book to her! We have been in therapy working on helping her control her brain. In the meantime, seems to me the meltdowns are getting worse and her younger brother has begun to pick up on the behaviors. Any tips on helping siblings find another way?

Karen Young

Kids are little sponges aren’t they and they’ll pick up on everything that’s going on around them. It sounds as though your daughter has a wonderfully open and honest heart and that she knows there is a better way to do things. This might take a little while for her to learn, but the main thing is that she is open to doing things differently. The same strategies you use with your daughter can be used with your son. As children they’re still learning how to ‘be the boss of their brains’, but until they learn how to do this (and it’s okay if this takes a while – all kids are different) it can be wildly frustrating for parents! Here is an article that talks about ways to redirect behaviour in anxious (and non-anxious kids) I hope it helps with some strategies to redirect the behaviour of your kiddos in ways that keep that gorgeous spirit of theirs.

Trudy Scott, Food Mood Expert and Nutritionist

Hi Karen

I see this a lot – anxiety looking like aggression and kids not being able to articulate that they are feeling anxious (adults too, more often in men than women)

It’s a really great article! Thanks! I love the explanations and wonderful mind-body tips. This one is my favorite: “Pretend you are holding a mug of hot cocoa. Breathe in for three seconds through your nose, as though you are smelling the delicious rich chocolatey smell. Then pretend to blow it cool, by breathing out through your mouth for three seconds. Keep doing this four or five times, then you’ll start to feel yourself relax.”

As a nutritionist working with anxious individuals I’d like to add a very key aspect ….nutrition and biochemistry. This means real whole food, quality animal protein at breakfast for blood sugar control, no gluten (this one is big!), fixing the gut and balancing the microbiome, using GABA and tryptophan for instant relief while underlying biochemistry and nutritional imbalances are being addressed etc.

Here is some feedback from a mom with a daughter who successfully used GABA for her ADHD, irritability and anger – it turns out she was anxious!

I look forward to learning more about you and your wonderful work!


I’m wondering if it is anxiety that actually causes my hot flashes? Think I better try to breathe and say to my brain… false alarm???

Reply a camhs professional currently fostering children with attachment disorder. .this is a good article…
To go one step further one might describe some of the common reasons that children have raised cortisol early trauma..and the effectiveness of therapeutic parenting techniques. .as you’ve described and much more..using the PACE approach (& look up Dan Hughes)
If you are in the UK..fantastic new resource on Facebook. .therapeutic parenting lead by Sarah Naish. .and national network of listening circles across UK for anyone caring for kids with anxiety from early trauma etc


I just read this and it’s Bella to every letter. As a parent trying to deal with this it’s ridiculously hard as I’m sure it is for them. Dealing with the anger and aggression for years on end really chips away at ones soul, strength and happiness and becomes personally very hard to keep fighting for them when you constantly get treated so badly. It’s soooo hard and and such a slow and painful road to get these kids back on track and I feel for every parent that has to also go through this. Unfortunately there is not a lot of support out there for these kids and slip through the gaping cracks of a broken system. Unfortunately if you don’t have a lot of family or friends to assist with some down time as a parent you don’t get a chance to recharge Your Own batteries. This is shit and a shit life to live. It keeps taking an incredible amount of strength to wake up starting the day with a positive attitude to face it all over again. Hopefully my story will finish with a happy ending but only time will tell, it won’t be through a lack of trying from the parenting side as we are trying so hard to get the professional help and counselling to help this young mind. If anyone is reading this and read the story of there child your not alone, you do have a shit life and youre allowed to say that but hang in there, we can only keep trying each day the sun keeps coming up.

Karen - Hey Sigmund

Trent thank you for talking about this. You are so right – we often don’t talk about how difficult it is for parents dealing with this. It’s exhausting, confusing, worrying, isolating. I wish there was more support and help available and I hope you are able to find someone who understands the issues you are dealing with and who is able to give you and Bella the support that’s needed. You shouldn’t have to do it all on your own, though you sound as though you are doing an amazing job. Thank you for being a voice for Bella and for the parents who are going through a similar experience. You’re all heroes, as are your children. It’s so difficult seeing the people we love struggling and wondering what to do next to help make things better for them. I know you would do anything. It’s absolutely okay to say that it’s shit – it’s honest and it’s real and it doesn’t take away at all from Bella’s experience or from how much you love her and would do anything for her. It won’t always be like this – there will be the happy ending you deserve for you and for Bella.


Thank you for this. We have been dealing with this for years and I am running out of ideas and places to turn. I feel like other parents just don’t understand that I cannot just “make” my son be like other kids. We did therapy all last school year, but there was not much if any improvement. Hoping this website and a new therapist will help move the needle. Best of luck to you. Hang in there. It is shit now, but hopefully it is only a season.


I have been sitting here trawling websites to try and find some support. Our daughter feels so out of control at the moment and it is having a huge impact on our family. Myself and my husband know we aren’t dealing well with it. We are so tired, I feel like it is all my fault because I suffer from anxiety too. It just feels like everything is a fight. It is tiring and it is horrible and I just want my happy little girl back, I just want to leave the house without it taking two hours. Thank you for sharing your story. It has made me feel less alone. I don’t feel like I can share this friends and family because they see the best of her. I don’t want them to see anything else but it is a daily struggle at the moment.


I second son is 11 and he has so much anxiety even down to taking him to get his haircut or buying him a new pair of shoes.. he went to a partial inpatient program (8am-3pm) but insurance only authorized 10 days.
He really needed more time, because he still is not able to go back to school due to his anxiety. I’m a single mom and it’s extremely hard and takes its toll over me every day.


THANK YOU!!!! This is exactly what I have been looking for since I realized the cause of my daughter’s meltdowns (she’s 8) is likely from anxiety. I have already been on your site for 30 minutes- will be here all afternoon reading and printing. Thank you for all that you do (from a fellow blogger and mom)

Brett Harrington

Thank you Karen for sharing these insights on aggression and ADHD.
I love your analogy of the smoke alarm!
I’m looking forward to introducing my adult clients to the amazing ‘Amy G’dala’. She tries to protect people while at work as well.


My daughter has been having meltdowns for the last two months. We have had a qeeg done on her and her brain activity is excessive in her frontal lobe which they have now told me that it could be causing anxiety. This article makes so much sense and I will be trying all the things to help her calm down. They have also suggested medication for her to help.


Megan, what kind of medication is being recommended. I think medication would be beneficial for my son as well.

Megan Otte

Hi Amanda.
They have suggest lamectin however I am a little cautious to put her on meds as she is having play therapy at the moment and the meltdowns have calmed down to once a week. I am going for a second opinion soon just to make sure I am doing the right thing


Wise move Megan. Go with the natural therapies first…that is, before putting a child on to meds. All the best to you and your girl…Sounds like she has a very wise Mum who will see her through very well
Kind Regards,


My 8 year old daughter has been seeing a behavior specialist since before we adopted her through fostercare as well as received Occupational Therapy. All for sensory integration disorder. Everything in this article is my daughter. The very short temper, becoming angry and going through ling meltdowns all when something is difficult for her or doesn’t go just her way. Her social skills are really poor due partly to becoming angry and yelling at friends. I am wondering if the doctor shouldn’t be looking at anxiety. I feel we have reied everything in the last 6 years, but have only made minimal progress. It was refreshing to read this article as well as others posts

Karen - Hey Sigmund

Stacy I’m sorry to hear that your daughter is struggling. It sounds as though she is in good hands though with specialists looking after her and with you as her mum. If nothing else seems to be working, it certainly can’t do any harm to look at anxiety. The things that work for anxiety will strengthen and nurture her anyway. There is so much research that has shown that mindfulness is brilliant for anxiety because of the way it changes the structure and function of the brain. There are tons of studies coming out showing that it has plenty of other benefits for kids too. It can help with sleep, behaviour, concentration, stress. If you’d like to try this, the Smiling Mind app would be a great place to start. It’s free to download and has set meditations for kids through to adult. They’ve recently done a study where they used it in Australian schools and they had great results. Here is the link to the app if you’d like to take a look

Also, exercise has been shown to balance out the neurochemicals that contribute to anxiety. Here is an article about research that explains how it works The research was done in adults, but there’s no reason to think it won’t be similar for kids. At any rate, mindfulness and exercise which have both been found to strengthen the brain against anxiety, won’t do any harm and will other benefits as well.


From another mom that had similar circumstances. Yes anxiety is a big problem for kids who are adopted. The core of it is in the attachment and trauma she had long before coming to you.
A book that I really like is “Attachment, Trauma, and Healing. I hope that helps.


I know this is an old thread but this describes my 9 yr old to a T. He is also adopted but at birth. He met his birth family at age 5. He is an amazing brilliant kind hearted child and then he is out of control almost psycho tantrums in a drop of a hat. He worries about everything!!!

Deirdre H

Thanks for that information! My son is adopted and when he gets anxious, he lashes out in anger. I never connected his anxiety or anger to his being swept away from his birth mother (although she, fortunately, has become a part of our family now.)


My 8 year old daughter has just admitted to me after a huge meltdown that she thinks she has anger problems. She told me that she gets very angry and shouts at people at playtime if they annoy her she’s wanted to tell us for a while but has been scared. She wants to stop and has asked me to go into school with her to ask if she can go see the pastoral support worker (supports and helps students). I’ve said I’ll go in Monday morning to discuss it with her. I suffer with bad anxiety and am very irritable and get angry. My partner is like this too but we have always made sure our daughter knows we love her and we all talk a lot about feelings etc. I feel that this is our fault that she is like this and so want to help her 🙁

Karen - Hey Sigmund

Katrin this is NOT your fault! Your daughter has so much insight and wants to find a way to do things differently. What an amazing little human she is! Be proud of that – that’s your influence and it’s wonderful. None of us are perfect and we all have things we need to work on. The kids who grow into strong healthy adults aren’t the ones who are perfect, but the ones who are open to learning and growing and doing things differently. They are also the ones who have parents who are open to guiding them and making it easy for them to acknowledge the things they need to work on. Try the strategies in the article, and if you can, introduce her to mindfulness. It’s so powerful and can really make a difference. Don’t take her anger or anxiety personally. They are feelings, not personalities and they can be managed.


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Lead with warmth and confidence: ‘Yes I know this feels big, and yes I know you can handle it.’ 

We’re not saying they’ll handle it well, and we’re not dismissing their anxiety. What we’re saying is ‘I know you can handle the discomfort of anxiety.’ 

It’s not our job to relive this discomfort. We’ll want to, but we don’t have to. Our job is to give them the experiences they need (when it’s safe) to let them see that they can handle the discomfort of anxiety. 

This is important, because there will  always be anxiety when they do something brave, new, important, growthful. 

They can feel anxious and do brave. Leading with warmth and confidence is about, ‘Yes, I believe you that this feels bad, and yes, I believe in you.’ When we believe in them, they will follow. So often though, it will start with us.♥️
There are things we do because we love them, but that doesn’t mean they’ll feel loved because of those things.

Of course our kids know we love them, and we know they love us. But sometimes, they might feel disconnected from that feeling of being ‘loved by’. As parents, we might feel disconnected from the feeling of being ‘appreciated by’.

It’s no coincidence that sometimes their need to feel loved, and our need to feel appreciated collide. This collision won’t sound like crashing metal or breaking concrete. It will sound like anger, frustration, demanding, nagging. 

It will feel like not mattering, resentment, disconnection. It can burst through us like meteors of anger, frustration, irritation, defiance. It can be this way for us and our young ones. (And our adult relationships too.)

We humans have funny ways of saying, ‘I miss you.’

Our ‘I miss you’ might sound like nagging, annoyance, anger. It might feel like resentment, rage, being taken for granted, sadness, loneliness. It might look like being less playful, less delighting in their presence.

Their ‘I miss you’ might look like tantrums, aggression, tears, ignoring, defiant indifference, attention-seeking (attention-needing). It might sound like demands, anger, frustration.

The point is, there are things we do because we love them - cleaning, the laundry, the groceries, cooking. And yes, we want them to be grateful, but feeling grateful and feeling loved are different things. 

Sometimes the things that make them feel loved are so surprising and simple and unexpected - seeking them out for play, micro-connections, the way you touch their hair at bedtime, the sound of your laugh at their jokes, when you delight in their presence (‘Gosh I’ve missed you today!’ Or, ‘I love being your mum so much. I love it better than everything. Even chips. If someone said you can be queen of the universe or Molly’s mum, I’d say ‘Pfft don’t annoy me with your offers of a crown. I’m Molly’s mum and I’ll never love being anything more.’’)

So ask them, ‘What do I do that makes you feel loved?’ If they say ‘When you buy me Lego’, gently guide them away from bought things, and towards what you do for them or with them.♥️
We don’t have to protect them from the discomfort of anxiety. We’ll want to, but we don’t have to.

OAnxiety often feels bigger than them, but it isn’t. This is a wisdom that only comes from experience. The more they sit with their anxiety, the more they will see that they can feel anxious and do brave anyway. Sometimes brave means moving forward. Sometimes it means standing still while the feeling washes away. 

It’s about sharing the space, not getting pushed out of it.

Our job as their adults isn’t to fix the discomfort of anxiety, but to help them recognise that they can handle that discomfort - because it’s going to be there whenever they do something brave, hard , important. When we move them to avoid anxiety, we potentially, inadvertently, also move them to avoid brave, hard, growthful things. 

‘Brave’ rarely feels brave. It will feel jagged and raw. Sometimes fragile and threadbare. Sometimes it will as though it’s breathing fire. But that’s how brave feels sometimes. 

The more they sit with the discomfort of anxiety, the more they will see that anxiety isn’t an enemy. They don’t have to be scared of it. It’s a faithful ally, a protector, and it’s telling them, ‘Brave lives here. Stay with me. Let me show you.’♥️
#parenting #childanxiety #anxietyinkids #teenanxiety
We have to stop treating anxiety as a disorder. Even for kids who have seismic levels of anxiety, pathologising anxiety will not serve them at all. All it will do is add to their need to avoid the thing that’s driving anxiety, which will most often be something brave, hard, important. (Of course if they are in front of an actual danger, we help anxiety do its job and get them out of the way of that danger, but that’s not the anxiety we’re talking about here.)

The key to anxiety isn’t in the ‘getting rid of’ anxiety, but in the ‘moving with’ anxiety. 

The story they (or we) put to their anxiety will determine their response. ‘You have anxiety. We need to fix it or avoid the thing that’s causing it,’ will drive a different response to, ‘Of course you have anxiety. You’re about to do something brave. What’s one little step you can take towards it?’

This doesn’t mean they will be able to ‘move with’ their anxiety straight away. The point is, the way we talk to them about anxiety matters. 

We don’t want them to be scared of anxiety, because we don’t want them to be scared of the brave, important, new, hard things that drive anxiety. Instead, we want to validate and normalise their anxiety, and attach it to a story that opens the way for brave: 

‘Yes you feel anxious - that’s because you’re about to do something brave. Sometimes it feels like it happens for no reason at all. That’s because we don’t always know what your brain is thinking. Maybe it’s thinking about doing something brave. Maybe it’s thinking about something that happened last week or last year. We don’t always know, and that’s okay. It can feel scary, and you’re safe. I would never let you do something unsafe, or something I didn’t think you could handle. Yes you feel anxious, and yes you can do this. You mightn’t feel brave, but you can do brave. What can I do to help you be brave right now?’♥️

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